Ibuprofen – Is It an Effective Pharmaceutical Ingredient?

Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Its main use is to reduce the effect of hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body. Swelling as a result of arthritis and injuries such as sprains can also be treated by ibuprofen. It is a popular medication and can be found over-the-counter at every pharmaceutical store.

Ibuprofen is an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). Before talking further about ibuprofen, let’s understand what an active pharmaceutical ingredient is.

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API)

Active pharmaceutical ingredient or API is a term used for the ingredient of a drug (tablet, capsule, etc.) that is biologically active. This biologically active pharmaceutical ingredient is a primary ingredient of a drug and is responsible for the actual effect the drug was intended to have. An API carries out the intended chemistry or biochemistry inside the body, which may induce a cleaning or therapeutic response. API molecules possess many functional chemical groups because the design of a small API molecule involves a combination of several factors that may go beyond the planned therapeutic effect.

Uses of Ibuprofen

Ibuprofen is a kind of an analgesic medicine that provides temporary relief from fever and minor aches and pains. It is popularly claimed as an alternative to paracetamol and can provide quick and effective remedy for pain and fever relief. Arthritis, tooth ache, back pain, headache and menstrual cramps can also be relieved by ibuprofen. It is also capable of providing relief from inflammation causing pain at joints.

How Safe Is It?

It is a medically approved drug and can be considered safe to use. However, prescription of a doctor is still recommended before you take the medicine. If you consume ibuprofen in an exceeding quantity than the prescribed amount, or if you take it for longer period, then it can cause some serious side effects.


  • One great advantage of ibuprofen, other than relief from fever and minor aches, is its ability to ease the joint pain caused by arthritis.
  • It reduces inflammation of the joints.
  • It can also reduce the sensitivity of joint pain from the body.
  • It is easily available
  • It is cheap

Side Effects

Ibuprofen must always be consumed as per doctor’s prescription. Otherwise, it can have really bad side effects.

  • It can cause weakness to some people.
  • It may cause chest pain as a side effect.
  • Digestive problems are the most common side effect of ibuprofen.
  • Rapid weight gain or swelling.
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Insomnia

Final Word

Ibuprofen works for most people. It has great advantages. However, it must be considered as a short-time drug treatment. If the problem persists for a long period, do not prolong the usage of ibuprofen and consult with a doctor. One must avoid random consumption of ibuprofen and should look for a doctor’s prescription, in order to be safe and avoid side effects. As far as its efficacy is concerned, it varies from person to person. Some people see quick results, while others claim to see no results at all.